News

  • New reports on home heating fires

    Two new reports from the U.S. Fire Administration's National Fire Data Center highlight the characteristics of home heating fires for 2013-2015, with an emphasis on portable heater fires.

    Download Heating Fires in Residential Buildings PDF

    Download Portable Heater Fires in Residential Buildings PDF

  • Don't Wait - Check the Date!

    Replace Smoke Alarms Every 10 Years!

    Download flyer/instruction

  • Electric Shock Drowning Incidents – Marinas©

    (In-Water electrocution fatalities included - Revised 5/9/2016)

    Low level ground fault leakage in the marina AC shore power system can cause lethal potentials to appear on any underwater metal surface – either on a boat or on the dock. In fresh water the electric field surrounding this surface can paralyze a swimmer. There is no warning that this condition exists, and it has resulted in a number of drownings. Further, there is no post-mortem evidence that electric shock was the cause. Therefore, many of the fatalities listed below are only the known electric shock caused drownings, which were investigated because of circumstantial evidence, i.e., multiple deaths, eye witnesses, considerable distress, cries for help, shock sensation reported by rescuers, etc.

    Our studies have shown that, in salt water, the high voltage gradients required for electric shock drowning could not be established with the available fault current levels. In no cases can we attribute cause of death to electric shock drowning in salt water.

    We do not know the exact wiring errors or ground faults that created some of the incidents listed below, but it can be assumed that an energized AC conductor (L1 or L2) came in contact with a bonded (grounded) metal object, and coincidently, this object was not connected to the shore bonding (grounding) system. This caused a voltage to appear on these under-water metal objects (both on boats and docks). This created a lethal electric field around the object (a person in this electric field can be paralyzed leading to drowning, or direct electrocution). This was true in every case that was investigated.

    No database has been found that catalogs “Electric Shock Drowning” – our term for this phenomenon. The incidents listed below came from various sources, i.e., investigation, press, third party, and eye witness reports. Dates and details are missing for some. There is no way to know what fraction of the total fatalities this listing represents, but it may be reasonable to assume that it could be small. We have no reports of fatalities in salt water due to electric shock drowning.

    Some of the fatalities listed here were actually caused by ventricular fibrillation (electrocution), because the victim’s head was reported not to have been submerged. They are technically not drownings but are listed here since the causes are similar to drowning by electric shock.

     

    1.

    Apr 16, 2016

    Smith Lake, Priceville, AL.  Two teenage girls entered the water from a private dock.  Both girls were getting shocked in the water.  One girl drowned, the other treated and released from hospital.  The victim’s father and his son jumped into the water to assist.  The father blacked out after both were feeling the shocks.  The power was turned off at the house, after which the father came to and survived along with son.  A missing ground and faulty lighting fixture are suspected to be the cause.

    2.

    Mar 27, 2016

    Palm Springs, CA, Indian Canyons neighborhood.  Six people were shocked in a private swimming pool, one of them a man who jumped in to rescue his daughter.  He was overcome by electric shock and pronounced dead at the hospital.  The 5 others were treated, and one young girl remained hospitalized in critical condition.  Faulty pool wiring is suspected as the cause.  Homes were built in 1963, but not sure of the age of the swimming pool.

    3.

    June 21, 2015

    Lake of the Ozarks, Woods Hollow Cove, 22.2 mile marker, MO.  A 21 year old man and fellow swimmer felt electricity in the water near a dock.  The 21 year old grabbed a dock ladder to get out when he was electrocuted and fell back into the water.  Someone ran ashore and turned off the power likely saving the other man in the water.  A faulty junction box between dock and residence is suspected.  The occupants tried to reset the circuit breaker but it would trip after 10-15 seconds of being turned on.  The last attempt to turn the breaker on coincided with the 2 swimmers being near the dock as it got dark (breaker controlled dock lights).

    Click here to view the complete Electric Shock Drownings List

  • Baraby Corp Launches NEW website for 2016!

    Exciting News for 2016 as Baraby Corp gets ready to launch not one but TWO NEW websites! Check them out coming January 2016!